After the grapes are harvested, the winemaking process follows. And the first step in this process is destemming and crushing.
First, the crops are placed in a machine that separates the grapes from the stem of the bunches, which tends to leave a bitter and undesirable flavor to the wine. In addition, as the stem is separated, the grape skin breaks off, which can enhance the output of grape juice. This step is typically known as destemming.
Next, the crushing of the grapes begins, and it is already a tradition in Portugal, the ancient methodology of people treading the grapes with their own feet. There are those who claim that this process offers other properties and qualities to Portuguese wine.
Wine production is a tradition of the centenary Ferraz family.
In total, the family owns approximately 20 hectares of vineyards, of which 5 hectares in the parish of Horta do Douro, municipality of Vila Nova de Foz Côa, in Douro Superior, and other vineyards in Valeflor, a centenary parish in the municipality of Mêda, in Beira Interior region.